Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS)

MIS Joint Replacement offers important advantages, requiring smaller incisions and potentially causing less trauma, shorter hospital stay, faster recovery and less scarring than traditional techniques.

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Partial Knee Resurfacing

Partial knee resurfacing (PKR) is a surgical procedure for relieving arthritis in one compartment of the knee. With PKR, only the damaged surface of the knee joint is replaced, helping to minimize trauma to healthy bone and tissue.

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Rotator Cuff Repair

A rotator cuff tear is a common cause of pain and disability among adults. A torn rotator cuff will weaken your shoulder. This means that many daily activities, like combing your hair or getting dressed, may become painful and difficult to do.

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Total Joint Replacement

A joint is the place where the ends of two or more bones meet, allowing for movement in the extremities. There are several conditions that can damage the joints in your body, causing pain and disability. Eventually, these conditions may lead you to consider total joint replacement surgery. Total joint replacement surgery can help to relieve pain and restore function in the damaged joint when nonsurgical treatment does not provide relief.

What is Total Joint Replacement, and When is it Recommended?

Total joint replacement surgery involves removing the damaged portions of the joint and replacing them with prosthetics made of metal, plastic, or ceramic, that replicate the movement of a healthy joint. Total joint replacements are most common in the knees, hips, and shoulders.

There are different types of joints in our bodies. The knee is considered a "hinge" joint because it can bend, straighten and rotate. The hip and shoulder joints are called "ball-and-socket" joints because the end of one bone is rounded and fits into the cup-shaped socket of the other bone.

Joint pain often results from damage to the articular cartilage, which lines the ends of the bones within the joint. Arthritis, fractures, and other conditions can damage the articular cartilage. Dr. McLennan will try to treat these conditions with nonsurgical methods like medication, injections, bracing, physical therapy, and activity modification, whenever possible. However, if nonsurgical methods do not lessen pain or improve function in the joint, Dr. McLennan may recommend total joint replacement surgery.

What Happens During Total Joint Replacement Surgery?

The surgical procedure generally lasts a few hours. During the procedure, Dr. McLennan will remove the damaged cartilage and bone in the joint, then replace the joint with prosthetic components. Prosthetic components may be made of metal, plastic, or ceramic, and are designed to mimic the shape and movement of a normal, healthy joint.

In a ball-and-socket joint, like the hip or shoulder, the end of the femur (thigh bone) or humerus (upper arm bone) is replaced with a metal ball-shaped component, and the socket is replaced with a plastic-lined metal cup. During a knee replacement, the ends of the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone) are replaced with metal components, and a plastic spacer is inserted between the components to allow the joint to glide smoothly.

What Happens During Recovery?

The recovery time and rehabilitation plan will depend on the individual patient and the procedure. You will usually be encouraged to begin moving the new joint soon after surgery to help prevent stiffness. Dr. McLennan may prescribe medication for pain to make it easier for you to participate in physical therapy. Pain is common as the tissues are healing, but should subside within a few months. Most are able to resume normal activities following surgery.

It is important to follow all of your doctor's instructions during recovery. Doing so will help to ensure the best possible outcome from the procedure.

What Are the Benefits of Total Joint Replacement Surgery?

If conservative treatment methods do not relieve pain within the joint, total joint replacement surgery may help to alleviate pain. Joint pain can force you to limit your activities and make even simple, everyday tasks difficult. Total joint replacement surgery can help you to return to your normal activities with less pain and improved function within the joint. Joint replacement surgery can also help to restore stability in an unstable joint.

Total Joint Replacement in Palm Desert, CA

Dr. Jon G. McLennan is a board-certified orthopaedic surgeon who specializes in total joint replacement of the hips, knees, and shoulders. Dr. McLennan's attention to detail before, during, and after surgery helps to facilitate healing and the quickest recovery possible. Dr. McLennan also believes that a close physician-patient relationship is important to achieve superior outcomes.